8. Word lists

The Black Speech word list

This is the Zhâburi interpretation of the known Black Speech words. The list also contains some Orcish words, mainly from the Orc curse. See also Analysis of the Black Speech.

TL=Tolkien
BS=Black Speech
DBS=Debased Black Speech/Orcish
Con.=constructed or analysed
RI=Ring inscription
OC=Orc curse
LotR=Lord of the Rings
WJ=War of Jewels

Black Speech Meaning Type Comment, Zhâburi Source
-a- Formant of transitive verbs inf Verb suffix TL, BS, RI
-hai Attached postposition indicating association, membership or part of something suf Hurrian -(h)he TL, BS, LotR
-ishi in; locative case ending or attached postposition suf Quenya-ssë, locative ending. Analysed as -locative –shi; and article -i. TL, BS, RI
-m formant of infinitive and nominalization suf Verb suffix TL, BS, RI
-t formant of 3 person intended future in verbal form suf Verb suffix TL, BS, RI
-u- Formant of intransitive verbs inf Verb suffix TL, BS, RI
-ûk Syntactic particle indicating completeness suf Verb suffix TL, BS, RI
-ul it, he, she; him, her; they; them suf 3 person personal pronoun, enclitic: object of action in transitive verbal forms; subject of action in intransitive verbs TL, BS, RI
agh and con TL, BS, RI
ash one num Hurrian še, Nermovsky’s analysis TL, BS, RI
burz- to be dark v verb stem; Quenya morë; Primitive Elvish mori “dark(ness)”, mornâ “dark” TL, BS, RI
durb- to rule v verb stem; Quenya tur-“to rule” TL, BS, RI
ghâsh fire n noun; could it be related to   Valarin igas “heat” as (a)naškad “ring”? TL, BS, LotR
gimb- to find v verb stem TL, BS, RI
gûl wraith (of Sauron), “any one of the major invisible servants of Sauron dominated entirely by his will”; Someone with deep knowledge of Eä from the dark perspective n Primitive Elvish ñgôlê “Science/Philosophy”, elvish word stem NGOL “wise” or “wisdom”; Sindarin gûl “deep knowledge; perverted or evil knowledge, sorcery, necromancy, black arts, magic” TL, BS, LotR
krimp- To bind v Verb stem TL, BS, RI
ku old n sharkû “old man”; –ku (with lengthened vowel when suffixed to a noun TL, BS, LotR
nazg ring n Noun; Valarin (a)naškad “ring” TL, BS, RI
nazgûl Ringwraith n nazg “ring”; gûl “wraith” TL, BS, LotR
olog troll n noun, analysed as stem LOG with duplication of the stem vowel as a prefix TL, BS, LotR
shar- man n sharkû “old man” TL, BS, LotR
sharkû old man n shar “man”; kû “old” TL, BS, LotR
thrak- to bring v verb stem TL, BS, RI
uruk orc n Noun, Both orcs in general but especially larger orcs capable of dominating other orcs, indicate relative status. analysed as stem RUK with duplication of the stem vowel as a prefix TL, BS, LotR
u to prep preposition TL, DBS, OC; Orcish
bagronk dung-pit n compond noun bag “dung”; ronk “pit” TL, DBS, OC; Orcish
sha with prep preposition TL, DBS, OC; Orcish
pushdug stinking v push+dug; push “stench”; –dug descriptive suffix, active TL, DBS, OC; Orcish
glob filth n noun TL, DBS, OC; Orcish
búbhosh Pig-guts; n compond noun búb “pig”; hosh “guts”; bûbhosh with BS-spelling TL, DBS, OC; Orcish
skai inerjection “gah” int TL, DBS, OC; Orcish
bag dung n isolated from bagronk “dungpit” TL, DBS, OC; Orcish
ronk pit n isolated from bagronk “dungpit” TL, DBS, OC; Orcish
push stench n isolated from pushdug “stinking” TL, DBS, OC; Orcish
-dug descreptive ending, active suf isolated from pushdug “stinking” TL, DBS, OC; Orcish
búb pig n isolated from búbhosh “pig-guts”; bûb with BS-spelling TL, DBS, OC; Orcish
hosh guts n isolated from búbhosh “pig-guts” TL, DBS, OC; Orcish
Dushgoi Sorcery city n Minas Morgul TL, DBS, WJ, Orcish
dush n isolated from Dushgoi “Minas Morgul”; Valarin dušamanûðân “marred” TL, BS, WJ; con
goi town, city, adminstrative center n A Mordorian City is a administrative center TL, BS, WJ; con
ugl- frighten; fear v verb: uglu– “to fear”; ugla– “to frighten”; from Hurrian ugl– “fear” and orc name “Uglúk Nerimovsky; con
snaga slave, servant n snag+a; -a agent suffix from Westron? TL, DBS, OC; Orcish
snag- root for slave servant “snaga” n isolated from snaga “slave” if -a is a agent suffix borrowed from Westron BA, DBS, LotR; con
-a agent suffix suf isolated from snaga “slave”, -a is a agent suffix borrowed from Westron BA, DBS, LotR; con
bur- blinding v Isolated from burz– after Nerimosky’s analysis BA, con RV; con
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