Rukh Nulûrz’ob ghashnum (The speech of the Mouth of Sauron)
The Rukh Nulûrz dialect (RN) is a variant of the Land of Shadow (LoS) dialect made by the German larp group Shapog’gûr (Mean Vengeance) with the explicit aim of making work better as a LARP language, much like Svartiska (Sv) and is explicitly a debased variatn of the Black Speech mainly used by Orcs. One fundamental difference between the two is the lexicon. RN uses a lot of words from LoS but also from other dialect not the least Svartiska and have many own words as well. Grammatically RN is quite similar to LoS but there are some differences so this text can be seen as complementary to my text on the LoS dialect.
- Phonology and Spelling
- The Noun
- Verb – infinitive; tense, imperative, Participles & Gerund
- Negative sentences
Phonology, Spelling and Word structure and order
RN does not fundamentally differ from LoS but there are some minor differences.RN use apostrophes (‘) instead of hyphens (-). RN does pluralizes nouns of persons. And does not use participles or gerunds. And as mentioned there are lexical differences with about 40 % of the words marked as Rukh Nulûrz and about 20 % for Svartiska and LoS each. See table.
|Land of Shadows Forum||LOS||346||21,3%|
|Middle Earth Roleplaying Game||MERP||1||0,1%|
* Many of the words are doublets. The sources are the ones listed by Shapog’gûr on their site.
RN has the same plural markers as LoS: –u after consonants and –z after vowels. Peoples are pluralised by the suffix –hai, but with an apostrophe (‘) and not with a hyphen (-) as usually.
- dulug (weapon) -> dulugu (weapons)
- goi (city) -> goiz (ities)
- uruk (orc) -> uruk’hai (orc people)
The ending -ûk is not used as a plural marker and people can be pluralised so Krith Nazgûlu “the nine Nazgûl”.
Just as LoS RN uses attached positions instead of prepositions or cases. Both dialects list 32 postpositions but only about half of them are the same. One fundamental difference is that the plural marker is placed after the noun in RN and not after the postposition as in LoS. (Just as in LoS they are called Preposition/Präpositionen in RN.)
|ri__agh__||between __ and __||zwischen__und__|
|shi||at/ on (local)||an/am/bei/at (lokal)|
|to||to (local)||nach/zu/to (lokal)|
|lût||out of / out||raus aus/heraus|
|dhog||near||in der Nähe von|
|nardhog||far away from||weit weg von|
|la||after (temp.)||nach (temp.)|
|shi||during / at (temp.)||während/at (temp.)|
|zi||to (temp.) / until||bis (temp.)/until|
|ugil||before (temp)||(be-)vor (temp)|
|sha||during / at (temp.)||(zusammen-) mit|
|irzi||to (temp.) / until||durch/an/bei/by|
The Pronouns in RN are nearly the same as LoS and as i LoS it is stated that pronouns are rarely used. They are attached to the word and an apostrophe is used to mark that a pronoun is attached. They usually don’t appear as free standing words as in LoS but can surely be used alone when they are alone in the sentence.
|1. Pers. Sing.||-izg||-izub||-izish|
|2. Pers. Sing.||-lat||-lab||-latish|
|3. Pers. Sing. m||-ta||-tab||-tabish|
|3. Pers. Sing. w||-to||-tob||-tobish|
|1. Pers. Plural||-izgu||-izubu||-izishu|
|2. Pers. Plurar||-latu||-labu||-latishu|
|3. Pers. plural||-ulu||-ulbu||-ulishu|
Suffix –at, the same as LoS and Svartiska
- kul- > kulat (to be)
- brus- > brusat (to own)
- mat- > matat (to kill)
The Present tense
The present tense is very similar to LoS but a bit simpler. Instead of adding different pronominal suffixes RN just has four different endings that both give tense and person. Pronouns can be added to the verb just as in LoS.
|Present tense||Suffix||kulat (to be)||brusat (to have)||matat (to die)|
|1 person singular||-izg||kulizg (I am)||brusizg (I have)||matizg (I die)|
|2 person singular||-Ø||kul (you are)||brus (you have)||mat (you die)|
|3 person singular||-at||kulat (it is)||brusat (it has)||matat (it dies)|
|1 person plura||-izgu||kulizgu (we are)||brusizgu (we have)||matizgu (we die)|
|2 person plural||-Ø||kul (you are)||brus (you have)||mat (you die)|
|3 person plural||-ut||kulut (they are)||brusut (they have)||matut (they die)|
Suffix –uz + personal suffix
|-uz||brusat (to have)||azat (to kill)|
|1 person singular||-uz+izg||brusuzizg (I had)||azuzizg (I killed)|
|2 person singular||-uz+Ø||brusuz (you had)||azuz (you killed)|
|3 person singular||-uz+at||brusuzat (it had)||azuzat (it killed)|
|1 person plura||uz+-izgu||brusuzizgu (we had)||azizgu (we killed)|
|2 person plural||-Ø||brusuz (you had)||azuz (you killed)|
|3 person plural||-ut||brusuzut (they had)||azuzut (they killed)|
Suffix -ub + personal suffix
|-ub||gimbat (to find)||azat (to kill)|
|1 person singular||-ub+izg||gimbubizg (I will find)||azubizg (i will)|
|2 person singular||-ub+Ø||gimbub (you will find)||azub (you will kill)|
|3 person singular||-ub+at||gimbubat (it will find)||azubat (it will kill)|
|1 person plura||-ub+izgu||gimbubizgu (we will find)||azubizgu (we will kill)|
|2 person plural||-ub+Ø||gimbub (you will find)||azub (you will kill)|
|3 person plural||-ub+ut||gimbubut (they will find)||azubut (they will kill)|
Just as in LoS and Svartiska the imperative is just the naked verb stem with the difference that RN marks plurality by adding the third person subject pronoun -ulu to the verb stem.
- Thrak! (bring it)
- Thrak’ulu! (you (plural) bring it)
Several pronouns can be attached to the imperative, e.g. Thrak’izish’tab (bring me his).
Participles & Gerund
In RN dialect there are no participles. This can be contrasted to the BSS dialect which has added three participles to the two original of LoS. Instead subject plus adjective is used. RN does not provide any examples.
RN does not have a gerund.
The adjective follow the noun it describes just as in LoS. New adjectives can be created with the suffix –ûrz. Adjectives of just one syllable are attached to the end of the noun and is marked by a apostrophe, e.g. golug (elf) + kû (old) -> golug’kû (an old elf).
The RN comparative and superlative differs from LoS with different suffixes and the RN adjectives does not take plural markers which LoS adjectives do.
Example: goth (lord, master)
gothûrz (powerful; mighty)
gothûrzaz (more powerful; mightier)
gothûrzak (most powerful; mightiest)
When comparing different nouns such as “the orc is mightier than the human” the word ‘snû’ (than) is used: “uruk gothûrzaz snû tark”.
RN notes that in debased BS, i.e. Orcish, the superlative is formed by the word “amubûk” (more than all), i.g. kulizg gothûrz amubûk (I’m mightier than all).
The adverb is the same as i LoS and and follow the verb, adjective or adverb it describe. The suffix -arz is used to create new adverbs. Some adjectives such as ‘kû’ (old) and ‘gûr’ (mean) can be used as adverbs.
Negative sentences are simply constructed by prefixing the word nar to the verb and different the prefix and verb with a apostrophe (‘).
- Azizg (I kill) -> nar’azizg (I don’t kill)
- Tark mokat uruku (The human hates orcs) -> Tark nar’mokat uruku (The human doesn’t hate orcs)
Questions are similar to LoS and are constructed in three different ways
- By using the question words ‘mash’ (what) or ‘mirz’ (who) which replace the noun which is the object of the question.
- By placing a question word in the beginning of the sentence
- By the prefix the otherwise free standing general question word ‘mar’ (huh?, what?) to the verb.
- Replacing the noun with ‘mash’ (what) or ‘mirz’ (who), examples
- Lugrekh kulat mash? (What is Lugrekh); Lugrekh kulat uruk (Lugrekh is an orc)
- Mash naztuzat’latish? (what stung you?) Dulug naztuzat’izish (A weapon stung me)
- Mirz azubat akashuga? (Who killed the hobbit?) Lugrekh azubat akashuga (Lugrekh killed the hobbit)
- Initial question word
|Rukh Nulûrz||English||Answering word|
|Mol||How||“several different ways to answer”|
- Mal kulat Lugrekh? (Where is Lugrekh?)
- Mat Bron azuzat sharaz? (Why did Lugrekh kill the men?)
- Mol sharaz matuzut? (Why did the men die?)
- Mat azat? (Why did he die?); Dhurz kulat uruk (Because he is an orc)
3. The prefix mar- attached to verbs
- Lugrekh kulat uruk (Lugrekh is an Orc) -> Lugrekh mar’kulat Uruk? (Is Lugrekh an Orc?
- Bugduz ologu (You shouted to the Trolls) -> Mar’budguz ologu? (Did you shout to the Trolls?
- Azubut (The will kill) Mar’azubut? (Will they kill?.
When relative pronouns are used as demonstratives and not as question words (called reflexiver Fragewörter by RN) an ‘a’ is prefixed to the word (just as in LoS). The exception is ‘amut’ (which) wich is corresponds to ‘za’ (this, that), e.g. Mordor’ishi amal uruku slaiut (in Mordor where the Orcs live).